Vatican is the smallest country of the world, it'sinside Rome, but it's not Italy! It's the country of the Pope, and centre of the cristianity. It's full of treasures and masterpieces of art and architetture, priceless! So of every religion you are, or you are not, doesn't matter, that's the home of the italian art! The hand of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel, the grace of Raphael and the harmony of the greek classical art, part of the pope collection: will live you without words during the Vatican tour.
TIME: 3 Hours, Monday to Saturday
Meeting point : Entrance of the Vatican Museums, we’ll jump the line with the voucher that I will do for you at the moment of yourbooking of the Vatican tour.
With 4 millions of visitors in 1 year the museum take place in the old palace of the Popes, built during the XIV century. Before the residence of the pope during the middle age was the Latheran, S.John in Latheran. In the 1309 the pope was constricted to live Rome for Avignon, in France. He will come back more than 68 years later. And he will choose the vatican hill closed to St.Peter as new scenographic residence. Really soon“Belvedere palace” become the center of a florid court of people, artists and scientists. Now the palace rapresents the biggest collection of antiquities of the world assembled over 500 years of archeological excavations. During the Vatican tour we'll cross the beautiful “Pinecone courtyard” of Bramante, and then rooms andgaleries of the Palace of the renaissance time, full of walls and ceilings of amazing frescoes, to arrive to the Sistine Chapel. There in silence we'll admire the beautiful paintings of Michelangelo on the ceiling, the “Genesis” and on the wall behind the altar, the “Final Judgement”. But I will show you as well the frescoes of Botticelli and the fiorentine school on the lateral walls. One time there, we'll go by an authorized passage to S.Peter!
The basilica is the biggest of the world, the dome is the highest with 137 mt. Inside we'll see the Pietà of Michelangelo, the tomb of Jean Paul II, the altar of G.L.Bernini and the dome of Michelangelo, and other treausers. I preparared a surprise for you so we'll not leave the church without had been underneath at the level of the tomb of Peter. You will see, it's really fascinating!
We'll jump back to the past! Can you imagine to travel throught the ancient times? That’s amazing! With the Ancient Rome Tour we go back of 2000 years, in the middle of the “goldenRome”, when the emperors lived in magnificent palaces on the Palatine hill and normal citizens spent their own days, making daily activities in the Forum, or going to have fun in the Colosseum, to assist to cruent fights! During the ancient Rome tour, to understand that perfectly,I'll help you with plasters. What we see today in the ancient tour of Rome it is just the interior ofbricks of the ancient temples, basilicas, shops, and palaces of the imperial Rome, but everything was brighting and covered by colorful murblesand mosaics, expression of the richness of the capital of a big Empire.
TIME: 3 Hours, Monday to Sunday
Meeting point: Subwyay station Colosseo Metro B
Daily (We jump the line with prebooked tickets)
Colosseum (including inside)
The Colosseum was built in ten years, by the Flavian family, from 70 to 80 a.C by thousands of slaves. It was built at the place of the artificiallake of Nero's palace, like demagogic action to give back to the romans a part of the city. It's the triumph of the roman architecture, with 80 arches repeated for three floors, and contained inside 50.000 spectators. Expression of the brutality of the past, its seats of murble, were full of people that were waiting to assist cruent fights of animals and gladiators.
The origins of Roma are there, on the Palatine. Romolo one of the two twins, founded by the legendary shewolf on the banks of the river, in the 753 b.C. made the “first Rome” on the top of the quiet and safe hill. He founded a prehystoric village, and during the centuries the same place was elected seat of the Emperor. All of them, from Augusto lived there. Today we have monumental and huge rests of the imperial palace. Walking through the giants ruins of a residence of three floors of the ancient rome, is an experience unbelievable, trust me! I will show you a view of the city and the forum below, breathtaking!
The Roman Forum was the centre of the political, social, and religious life in the ancient Rome. It was as a big central square of the city. We have to imagine like a big greek “agorà“ full of temples, to go to pray, basilicas, to meet each others and shops. At the beginning, during the iron age, the Forum was a marshy valley used as necropolis, by the ancient populations that lived on the hills around. During the period of the Etruscan kings (the 7 Kings of Rome) this area was drained, with a sewer : “Cloaca maxima”. Really soon, this place become important, because at the centre of the villages around. It become the centre of the life of the ancient Rome.
Starting from the theatre of Marcello, an original building of the I century, we'll cross during the Main Squares tour, the Jewish Ghetto, with thecomunity oldest of Europe, arrived after the 70 a.J. It's really fascinating walking through the real old Rome. During the Main squares tour, we'll see the old temples of the Repubblican age in Largo Argentina, the place where was killed Julius Ceaser, and where now kids have fun watching cute cats families! We'll see masterpieces as the Pantheon of Hadrian, with thebiggest dome never built in the history, and Navona Square with the beautiful fountain of the Four Rivers, artwork of the Baroque of Gian Lorenzo Bernini. From there we'll arrive to Trevi Fountain and the Spanish steps, discovering domes, ceilings, courtyard.
TIME: 3 Hours, Monday to Sunday
Meeting point: Your hotel or Piazza Venezia.
Theatre of Marcello
Second theatre of the city capitol of the Empire, after the biggest one of Pompeo, this place for comedies and shows, expression of the daily life in Rome, was started by Julius Ceaser and finished with Augustus in the 11 b., dedicate then, to his nephew assassinated: Marcello. With41 arches in each of the three floors, contained 15.000 spectators. During the middle age was transformer into a fortress, and after in theresidence of a nobile family.
Jewish Ghetto and Sinagogue (if requested also inside with ticket)
The oldest jewish comunity of Europe is in Rome, arrived after the distruction of the Templeof Salomon in Jerusalem, and the conquered of Israel as colony, by the Romans in the 70 a.C. Before installed on the other side of the river and Tiber island, where now there's “Trastevere“ and was founded an ancient Sinagogue of the I century, they moved after on the opposite side of the bank river, that we'll cross together. Created in the 1555 by pope Paul IV, the ghetto was closed by high walls until the 1888, when they where distroyed. In the 1899 was started the construction of the major Temple of Rome, called of the 5 schools, by the architects Osvaldo Armanni and Vincenzo Costa.
The first Pantheon was built by Agrippa in the 25b. C.but is not the one that we see, rebuilt by Hadrian between the 118-125 a.C. The Pantheon is the only circular temple of the ancient Rome,still well conserved, because during the middle age was transformed into the church, of S. Mary ad Martires. Inside there’s the biggest dome never built, is the largest never realised in the world. There is inside also the tomb of Raphael.
Ancient stadium of Domitian, I century after Jesus, Navona square is the best example of urban continuity. Transformed in the stage of the Pamphily family, it was for long time a market and a place, to make during the carnival the charriots walks into the water. In the centrethere’s the beautiful “Fountain of the Rivers” , masterpiece of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
The Main Squares tour ends with the scenographic staircase of the rococò time, of Francesco De Sanctis built like a theatre, where the actors are the people…so: us.
4) Second World War Tour
A real trip inside the dark pages of the second world war. We'll see during the Second world war tour the authentic places where partisans and americans fighted and died for the freedom. Emotional and rich of value, this tour is special.
TIME: 4 Hours Monday to Sunday. In this a tour we’ll have the driver
Museum of Anzio
The Second world war tour starts in the place closed to Rome, on the coast, where the 22 January 1944 the american allied landing: Anzio. This moment rapresents the beginning of the renaissance, and the end of a nightmare for the italian population. Inside the Museum of Villa Adele, we can see uniforms, weapons, medals and pictures of the Second world war.
American cemetery of Nettuno
It's impressive: quietness, sadness and memory in the green. A big war cemetery with 7.861 tombsof american militaries, died in Anzio, Rome and Sicily during the liberation of Italy from Germany.
The 24 March of 1944, 335 italians, men and women, were killed without any piety on this site at the gate of the city. It was the answer of the terrible general Kappler to the partisans' bomb of Via Rasella. Fosse Ardeatine is the expression of the bestiality, cruelty and inhumanity of the german occupation in Rome.
That’s the street, where the 23 march 1944 the italian partisans killed 33 german solders. A medicine student put a bomb in the street creating the explosion, the answer of the germans was terribile. General Kappler ordered the execution of 330 italians, that happened in the Fosse Ardeatine.
Mussolini's villa and bunkers
Italy's largest air-raid shelter , built between 1942 and 1943 to protect Benito Mussolini and his family in the private residence of Villa Torlonia. The bunker was excavated to a depth of six meters and a half under the square in front of the Casino Nobile of the house. It has a floor plan in the shape of a cross and galleries circular section protected by a reinforced concrete roof 4 meters thick . There were three air-raid shelters in total, that Benito Mussolini built : the bunker of Villa Torlonia , in his private residence , the bunker of Piazza Venezia , in his study , and the one ofEUR.
Gestapo headoffice of via Tasso and Museum of the Liberation
That’s the place of the SS head quartes and the prison where many people considered enemy of Germany, were tortured and killed by SS troops.
There’s an other Rome, underground. It's a city secret and forgotten, that continues to live under us. Far from the traffic, and the highlights of the cityz there are special places of the past, Inside the earth, meters under the modern Rome, there are buildings still full of decorations and history. During the Secret Underground Rome tour the password is: discovery!
TIME: 3 Hours, Monday to Sunday, in this tour we'll have the driver.
Catacombs of S. Callisto
On the beautiful Appian way,the underground Rome tour goes to the cemetery of Callixtus, themost important of Rome, with inside martyrs, 16 popes and many christians.
Started about the middle of the second century, the catacombs it’s a complex underground of 10 km, with a network of galleries of four levels, areal labyrint that arrives more than twenty meters deep.
Underground Rome tour goes 2000 years back in the Basilica of San Clemente. Inside we have the beautiful mosaics of Pascal II and frescoes of Masolino da Panicale. Underneath we'll explore the Basilica of the fourth century and then we’ll descend other meters, into the world of Rome,where there is still a pagan temple.
Crypt of the Capuchins monks in via Veneto
The secret Rome tour goes underneath the churchof Santa Maria della Concezione dei Cappuccini, where there is an unusual macabre catacomb, visited by Mark Twain and the Marquis de Sade. Inside contains the skeletons of around 4,000 friars. They are arranged throughout six capelli or crypts in lamps, sculptures and mosaic-like displays of flowers, geometric shapes, and various religious symbols. There is the Crypt of the Skulls, the Crypt of the Leg Bones, The Crypt of the Pelvises. “What you are now, we once were; what we are now, you shall be.”
6) Borghese Gallery Tours
Villa Borghese is one of the biggest and richest ville of Rome, it was built for the Cardinal Scipione Borghese, famous patron of artists and collectionist of masterpieces, and favourite nephew of pope Paul V Borghese. The villa was built as Museum, like a place of culture, pleasure,reflection and contemplation of the nature, with its big garden.
Villa Borghese was made to remaind to the richness of the ancient roman houses, like the Golden house of Nero. Inside we can admire beautiful artworks, like the neoclassical Paolina Bonaparte, of Antonio Canova, the baroque statues of Bernini: the David, Apollo and Daphne, Pluto and Proserpina, Aeneas and Anchise, and the portrait of Scipione. Caravaggio with his self-portraits, the Madonna of the Palafrenieri, David with the head of Goliath and S. John the Baptist. And also Raphael, with the beautiful “Deposition Borghese”, Tiziano with his “Sacred and profane Love” gift for a wedding of a nobile couple, Correggio, Lorenzo Lotto, Rubens, Domenichino and Antonello da Messina.
TIME: 2 Hours, to Tuesday to Sunday
Meeting Point: in front of the entrance Piazzale del Museo Borghese 5